Corns and callus are areas of hard skin produced by your body to protect high pressure areas. Your body develops hard skin to protect itself from pressure and friction. Corns and callus come back unless something changes with regard to foot function, cushioning or skin condition. Increased activity levels, weight and lack of cushioning in footwear increase callus and corns. With age, our feet lose their natural fat pad and this can also lead to increased development of hard skin.
Corns are small areas of hard skin which are conical in shape. They are frequently found in the skin between toes and on the balls of the foot. Corns can be hard like pebbles, soft and damp, or seed corns which are small clusters.
Callus is broader and shallower than corns and commonly occurs under the balls of the feet and around the heels.
How do I prevent Callus & Corns developing?
Feel inside your shoes to assess whether there is still enough cushioning.
Wear footwear with a thicker sole. Ballet pumps, summer sandals and well worn shoes may not have enough cushioning.
Use a foot file and foot cream daily to improve the skin condition.
Do not walk around barefoot.
What can a Podiatrist do to help?
Remove the callus and corns to make it easier for you to maintain your foot health.
'Prescribe' suitable cushion insoles or devices that are suited to your footwear and lifestyle.
Use customised insoles to alter foot function and reduce high pressure areas.
Provide personalised advice about prevention and alternative treatments.